SCRAMBLE FOR ANTARTICA
Agenda Item : Open Agenda
About the committee
Despite warnings from scientists, experts, and NGOs about the impending dangers of climate change since the 1970s, states and international organizations have failed to limit the global average temperature rise to 1.5°C, as agreed upon in the Paris accord. Consequently, global hunger has surged at unprecedented rates, leading to the formation of regional hegemonies that have established supranational structures spanning across continents. Additionally, climate-induced migration has bypassed conventional national barriers, resulting in significant demographic shifts, and further enhanced the influence of these upstart hegemons. Furthermore, artificial intelligence has not only revolutionized economic and political paradigms but also transformed warfare, with humans and robots fighting alongside each other for the glory of their respective empires.
By the 2070s, a devastating war erupted among the world's major powers, employing new technologies designed to render nuclear weapons ineffective, resulting in hundreds of millions of deaths on the battlefields. Although the conflict yielded no gains for either side, the parties vowed not to engage in such warfare again. However, this promise proved short-lived. As precious but scarce resources began to deplete and societal demands increased, governments of hegemonic powers sought alternatives. As the space technology proved itself inadequate for effective mining and transportation from extraterrestrial surfaces, the only viable option remained the untapped land of Antarctica, where million-years old layers of permafrost melted due to global warming had exposed previously inaccessible resources. Despite several attempts to claim the land, no party succeeded, culminating in an accord aimed at preventing another devastating conflict. Nevertheless, preparations for war resumed in 2104.
In this committee, delegates are tasked with either preventing a full-blown world war or ensuring victory for their respective sides.